Milestones

United Way

What Most Babies Do By  2 Months  Age:

Social and Emotional

  • Begins to smile at people
  • Can briefly calm himself such as bringing hands to mouth to suck on hand
  • Tries to look at parent

Language/Communication

  • Coos and makes gurgling sounds
  • Turns head toward sounds

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

  • Pays attention to faces
  • Begins to follow things with eyes and recognize people at a distance
  • Begins to act bored such as crying if activity does not change

Movement/Physical Development

  • Can hold head up and begins to push up when lying on tummy
  • Makes smoother movements with arms and legs
Talk to your child’s doctor or call PIC if your child at 2 months of age:
  • Does not respond to loud sounds
  • Does not watch things as they move
  • Does not smile at people
  • Does not bring hands to mouth
  • Cannot hold head up when pushing up when on tummy

 

What Most Babies Do By  4 Months  Of Age:

Social and Emotional

  • Smiles spontaneously especially at people
  • Likes to play with people and might cry when playing stops
  • Copies some movements and facial expressions such as smiling or frowning

Language/Communication

  • Begins to babble
  • Babbles with expression and copies sounds he hears
  • Cries in different ways to show hunger, pain, tiredness

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

  • Lets you know if she is happy or sad
  • Responds to affection
  • Reaches for toy with one hand
  • Uses hands and eyes together such as seeing a toy and reaching for it
  • Follows moving things with eyes from side to side
  • Watches faces closely
  • Recognizes familiar people and things at a distance

Movement/Physical Development

  • Holds head steady unsupported
  • Pushes down on legs when feet are on a hard surface
  • May be able to roll over from tummy to back
  • Can hold a toy and shake it and swing at dangling toys
  • Brings hands to mouth
  • When lying on stomach pushes up to elbows
Talk to your child’s doctor or call PIC if your child at 4 months of age:
  • Does not watch things as they move
  • Does not smile at people
  • Cannot hold head steady
  • Does not coo or make sounds
  • Does not bring things to mouth
  • Does not push down with legs when feet are placed on a hard surface
  • Has trouble moving one or both eyes in all directions

 

What Most Babies Do By  6 Months  Of Age:

Social and Emotional

  • Knows familiar faces and begins to know if someone is a stranger
  • Likes to play with others especially parents
  • Responds to other people’s emotions and often seems happy
  • Likes to look at self in a mirror

Language/Communication

  • Responds to sounds by making sounds
  • Strings vowels together when babbling such as “ah,” “eh,” “oh”
  • Likes taking turns with parent while making sounds
  • Responds to own name
  • Makes sounds to show joy and displeasure
  • Begins to say consonant sounds such as jabbering with “m” and “b”

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

  • Looks around at things nearby
  • Brings things to mouth
  • Shows curiosity and tries to get things that are out of reach
  • Begins to pass things from one hand to the other

Movement/Physical Development

  • Rolls over in both directions from front to back and back to front
  • Begins to sit without support
  • When standing, supports weight on legs and might bounce
  • Rocks back and forth sometimes crawling backward before moving forward
Talk to your child’s doctor or call PIC if your child at 6 months of age:
  • Does not try to get things that are in reach
  • Shows no affection for caregivers
  • Does not respond to sounds around him
  • Has difficulty getting things to mouth
  • Does not make vowel sounds such as “ah”, “eh”, “oh”
  • Does not roll over in either direction
  • Does not laugh or make squealing sounds
  • Seems very stiff with tight muscles
  • Seems very floppy like a rag doll

 

What Most Babies Do By  9 Months  Of Age:

Social and Emotional

  • May be afraid of strangers
  • May be clingy with familiar adults
  • Has favorite toys

Language/Communication

  • Understands “no”
  • Makes a lot of different sounds such as “mama”, “dada”
  • Copies sounds and gestures of others
  • Uses fingers to point at things

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

  • Watches the path of something as it falls
  • Looks for things he sees you hide
  • Plays peek-a-boo
  • Puts things in her mouth
  • Moves things smoothly from one hand to the other
  • Picks up things like cereal o’s between thumb and index finger

Movement/Physical Development

  • Stands holding onto something
  • Can get into sitting position
  • Sits without support
  • Pulls to stand
  • Crawls
Talk to your child’s doctor or call PIC if your child at 9 months of age:
  • Does not bear weight on legs with support
  • Does not sit with help
  • Does not babble such as “mama”, “dada”
  • Does not play any games involving back-and-forth play
  • Does not respond to own name
  • Does not seem to recognize familiar people
  • Does not look where you point
  • Does not transfer toys from one hand to the other

 

What Most Toddlers Do By  12 Months  Of Age:

Social and Emotional

  • Is shy or nervous with strangers
  • Cries when mom or dad leaves
  • Has favorite things and people
  • Shows fear in some situations
  • Hands you a book when he wants to hear a story
  • Repeats sounds or actions to get attention
  • Puts out arm or leg to help with dressing
  • Plays games such as “peek-a-boo” and “pat-a-cake”

Language/Communication

  • Responds to simple spoken requests
  • Uses simple gestures, like shaking head “no” or waving “bye-bye”
  • Makes sounds with changes in tone
  • Says “mama” and “dada” and exclamations like “uh-oh!”
  • Tries to say words you say

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

  • Explores things in different ways such as shaking, banging, throwing
  • Finds hidden things
  • Looks at the right picture or thing when it is named
  • Copies gestures
  • Starts to use things correctly such as drinks from a cup, brushes hair
  • Bangs two things together
  • Puts things in a container, takes things out of a container
  • Can put and pick up object such as rattle, blanket
  • Pokes with index (pointer) finger
  • Follows simple directions such as “pick up the toy”

Movement/Physical Development

  • Gets into a sitting position without help
  • Pulls up to stand, walks holding on to furniture (“cruising”)
  • May take a few steps without holding on
  • May stand alone
Talk to your child’s doctor or call PIC if your child at 12 months of age:
  • Does not crawl
  • Cannot stand when supported
  • Does not search for things that she sees you hide
  • Does not say single words like “mama” or “dada”
  • Does not learn gestures like waving or shaking head
  • Does not point to things
  • Loses skills he once had

 

What Most Toddlers Do By  18 Months  Of Age:

Social and Emotional

  • Likes to hand things to others as play
  • May have temper tantrums
  • May be afraid of strangers
  • Shows affection to familiar people
  • Plays simple pretend such as feeding a doll
  • May cling to caregivers in new situations
  • Points to show others something interesting
  • Explores alone but with parent close by

Language/Communication

  • Says several single words
  • Says and shakes head “no”
  • Points to show someone what he wants

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

  • Knows what ordinary things are for such as telephone, brush, spoon
  • Points to get the attention of others
  • Shows interest in a doll or stuffed animal by pretending to feed
  • Points to one body part
  • Scribbles on his own
  • Can follow one-step verbal commands without any gestures such as sits when you say “sit down”

Movement/Physical Development

  • Walks alone
  • May walk up steps and run
  • Pulls toys while walking
  • Can help undress herself
  • Drinks from a cup
  • Eats with a spoon
Talk to your child’s doctor or call PIC if your child at 18 months of age:
  • Does not point to show things to others
  • Cannot walk
  • Does not know what familiar things are for
  • Does not copy others
  • Does not gain new words
  • Does not have at least six words
  • Does not notice or mind when a caregiver leaves or returns
  • Loses skills he once had